"That four great nations, flushed with victory and stung with injury, stay the hand of vengeance and voluntarily submit their captive enemies to the judgment of the law is one of the most significant tributes that power has ever paid to reason."
With these words from the indictment of the International Military Tribunal, the American chief prosecutor Robert H. Jackson opened the trial against 21 high-ranking functionaries of the Nazi state. To this day, they symbolize the significance and the beginning of the Nuremberg Trials on November 20, 1945.
The Nuremberg Trials are forerunner of international criminal law and the establishment of human rights. They are a model for all subsequent trials against the most serious crimes, such as war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. The City of Nuremberg and the Memorium Nuremberg Trials commemorate the opening of the Nuremberg Trials 75 years ago.
For the first time in history, leading representatives of a state had to answer for their crimes before an international court in Nuremberg. In short video messages contemporary witnesses, politicians and experts share their views on the significance of the Nuremberg Trials today.
"What do the Nuremberg Trials have to do with me?" This question is the focus of the 75th anniversary. A variety of projects and events will provide new perspectives on the historic event and their impact.